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Learning Zone

The CEFR  is a way of describing how well you speak and understand a foreign language.

Even among teachers there can be a lot of variety in what is meant by level ‘beginner’, ‘intermediate’ or ‘advanced’. The CEFR makes it easier for all of us to talk about  language levels reliably and with shared understanding.

The six levels within the CEFR are A1, A2, B1, B2, C1 and C2. With these levels, you can easily work out your ability in language.

What are the CEFR Levels image
CEFR LevelGeneral description:
  • Can understand with ease everything heard or read.
  • Can summarise information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation.
  • Can express him/herself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in more complex situations.

C2 level certificate:  C2 Proficient (CPE)

  • Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise its meaning.
  • Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions.
  • Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes.
  • Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects

C1 level certificate:  C1 Advanced (CAE)

  • Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation.
  • Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for both.
  • Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.

B2 level certificate:  B2 First (FCE)

  • Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar subjects eg. work, school, leisure, etc.
  • Can deal with most situations while travelling in an area where the language is spoken.
  • Can produce simple text on topics, which are familiar, or of personal interest.
  • Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans

B1 level certificate:  B1 Preliminary (PET)

  • Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment).
  • Can communicate in simple and routine tasks in direct exchange of information on familiar and routine subjetcts.
  • Can describe in simple words aspects of his/her background, environment and in areas of immediate need.

A2 level certificate:  A2 Key (KET)

  • Can understand and use everyday expressions and very basic phrases
  • Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has.
  • Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.

A1 level certificate:  A1 Movers (YLE)

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