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Cómo escribir el informe perfecto? | B2 First (FCE)

Level: B2
Exam:
Article navigation:
B2 First (FCE) Raport: Estructura
B2 First (FCE) Raport: Tutorial
B2 First (FCE) Raport: Ejemplos de respuestas
B2 First (FCE) Raport: Temas
B2 First (FCE) Raport: Consejo
B2 First (FCE) Raport: Esquema de puntuación
B2 First (FCE) Raport: Frases y expresiones útiles

La mayoría de los estudiantes creen que los informes son aburridos, y no vale la pena elegirlos en el examen. Sin embargo, debe recordarse que dan una oportunidad fácil para obtener una calificación muy alta!

Si no te sientes bien escribiendo trabajos creativos, este informe será la mejor opción para ti en la segunda parte del primer examen escrito B2.

¿Qué es un informe?

Escribimos el informe en un estilo formal, similar a un ensayo. Durante el primer examen B2 (FCE), generalmente lo referimos a un supervisor, puede ser un maestro o un director.

Informe:

  • a analiza la situación actual, debe incluir recomendaciones
  • se divide en secciones y contiene datos sobre un problema particular
  • lo escribimos en estilo formal
  • cada sección debe contener un encabezado

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Pruebas de práctica en línea

Obtenga su ensayo revisado, siga su progreso en línea.
Documentos de muestra, pruebas de práctica en línea y consejos.

B2 First (FCE) Raport: Estructura

Introducción
El propósito de este informe es…
Subtítulo + párrafo
Sírvanse proporcionar la información adecuada
Subtítulo + párrafo
Sírvanse proporcionar la información adecuada
Resumen
Sírvanse proporcionar sus recomendaciones

B2 First (FCE) Raport: Tutorial

Usaremos un ejemplo del tema a continuación:

Escribir un informe al gerente del club (aproximadamente 140-190 palabras)

Paso 1: Piensa en el tema y encuentra puntos clave

Comience a escribir el informe encontrando puntos clave/ información, asunto y la persona a la que está escribiendo

Tema: Active Leisure Club wants to improve their facilities

Principales puntos clave:

  1. describe the best aspects of the club
  2. describe the worst aspects of the club
  3. suggest new facilities

Lector objetivo: manager of the centre

Después de analizar la tarea y encontrar toda la información necesaria, podemos proceder a constrir una estructura de informes y escritura.

Paso 2: Título

Aunque el título no es obligatorio, es sin duda una adición atractiva. Debería sonar más o menos así:

  • Report on …….  + Tema
  • Tema + : a report

Para ver un ejemplo, consulte el paso anterior (Paso 1) .

Tema: Active Leisure Club wants to improve their facilities

Vamos a usarlo por ejemplo:

Paso 3: Introducción

Una introducción buena y equilibrada debe incluir dos cosas:

En primer lugar, el objetivo del informe debe definirse con la mayor precisión posible, dando al lector una idea clara de lo que contiene el informe y dando el tono adecuado a todo el trabajo.

Solo tienes que comentar los tres puntos que encontraste (en el Paso 1)

  1. describe the best aspects of the club
  2. describe the worst aspects of the club
  3. suggest new facilities

Vamos a usarlos ahora:

The purpose of this report is to outline the best (Punto 1) and worst parts (Punto 2) of our club, as well as to recommend improvements to the facilities. (Punto 3)

Por último, menciona cómo recopilaste datos para tu informe. Esto no es algo que necesites hacer, pero te ayudará a destacar.

The purpose of this report is to outline the best and worst parts of our club, as well as to recommend improvements to the facilities. The data for the report was collected based on the opinions of club members (Fonte)

Introducción completa y lista con el título:

Título: Report on Active Leisure Club facilities

The purpose of this report is to outline the best (Punto 1) and worst parts of (Punto 2) our club, as well as to recommend improvements to the facilities. (Punto 3) The data for the report was collected based on the opinions of club members. (Fonte)

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Practica, escribe y progresa

Obtenga su ensayo revisado, siga su progreso en línea.
Documentos de muestra, pruebas de práctica en línea y consejos.

Paso 4: Párrafos (contenido principal)

Una vez que tengamos un título terminado y una introducción a nuestro informe, podemos ir a escribir el contenido correcto.

En esta sección, debe comentar los principales puntos clave que ha encontrado en el contenido de la tarea (consulte el paso 1). Deben tener subtítulos adecuados (puntos positivos/negativos) y cada uno debe incluirse en una sección/párrafo separado.

Puntos clave (véase el paso 1):

  1. describe the best aspects of the club
  2. describe the worst aspects of the club
  3. suggest new facilities

A continuación puedes ver un ejemplo, con notas adicionales que pueden ser útiles:

The best aspects of the club – añadir un encabezado
Most members seem to enjoy the swimming pool with its daily water exercise classes and the opportunity to swim in 50-metre lanes. It also appears that offering a child care programme is appreciated by the majority of our members since many of them have families, but still would like to use the facilities of the club.

[punto clave de respuesta – mejores aspectos]

The worst aspects of the club – añadir un encabezado
According to most of the members I have spoken to, the café does not meet their expectations with below-average food and slow service. Another problem is the state of the gymnasium which, in general, is avoided by many because of broken equipment and a lack of staff during peak times.

[la respuesta al punto clave – los peores aspectos]

Suggestions

[…… aquí puede añadir otro párrafo en el que da sus sugerencias o puede incluirlas en el resumen]

                   – expresiones y frases formales

                   – palabras y frases de enlace, consistencia que combinan oraciones y hacen el texto más fluido

 SUGERENCIA: ¡Los encabezados son muy importantes!

Cuando escribes un informe, cada párrafo debe tener un título, pero no te preocupes, no tiene que ser títulos creativos. ¡Esto no es un artículo!

Los títulos deben ser de hecho. Solo deben indicar al lector qué información se incluirá en el párrafo.

¿Hay un título aburrido y objetivo?

Introduction… , Positive aspects of… , Negative aspects of…, Improvements…, Recommendations…, Suggestions…

Paso 5: Resumen

Después de escribir todo el contenido, solo tenemos un resumen en el que también podemos incluir nuestras sugerencias o recomendaciones – podemos convencer al gerente del club para que tome nuestra idea e implementarla.

Suggestions & conclusionsaggiungi intestazione
In the final analysis, the best solutions seem to be to improve the quality of the menu and the service at the café as well as the maintenance schedule and number of staff at the gymnasium. If manager is decided to follow recommendations, the experience of members would improved
               – frases que animan al lector a actuar o a pensar (persuasive language)

               – sugerencia

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Invia il tuo rapporto B2 First (FCE) per la revisione!

Dentro de 72 horas, su informe (FCE) será revisado.
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Ver el informe en su totalidad…

Report on Active Leisure Club facilities

The purpose of this report is to outline the best and worst parts of our club, as well as to recommend improvements to the facilities. The data for the report was collected based on the opinions of club members

The best aspects of the club
Most members seem to enjoy the swimming pool with it’s daily water exercise classes and the opportunity to swim in 50-metre lanes. It also appears that offering a child care programme is appreciated by the majority of our members since many of them have families, but still would like to use the facilities of the club.

The worst aspects of the club
According to most of the members I have spoken to, the café does not meet their expectations with below-average food and slow service. Another problem is the state of the gymnasium which, in general, is avoided by many because of broken equipment and a lack of staff during peak times.

Suggestions & conclusions
In the final analysis, the best solutions seem to be to improve the quality of the menu and the service at the café as well as the maintenance schedule and number of staff at the gymnasium. If manager is decided to follow recommendations, the experience of members would improved

En conclusión….

B2 First (FCE) Raport: Ejemplos de respuestas

Tema:

Your college has just published the first issue of the new college magazine. The organisers are interested in knowing what students thought about it, so they have asked you to write a report. In your report, you should talk about what the students liked and disliked about the articles, the sports section and the news section. Then, you should make suggestions on how to improve the magazine.

Escribe un informe.

Ejemplo de respuesta:

The New College Magazine

Introduction
The purpose of this report is to outline students’ opinions about the new college magazine, and to make recommendations based on their views.

The articles
Most students thought the articles were interesting and well written. However, they did not talk about modern topics, so some students found this part of the magazine a little boring.

The sports section
It is thought that the sports section is good, but most articles were about football or basketball. This is not a good thing because most of our sporty students play rugby, not football or basketball.

The news section
Many students complained about the news section, because it only focused on news about the college. These students were expecting to read some news about the city, too.

Recommendations
In order to solve the problems above, I recommend taking some measures. Firstly, article writers should focus more on technology and other modern issues. Secondly, we should consider writing more about rugby and less about other sports. Finally, we should include some news about our city. If we do these things, the magazine will be more interesting to our students.

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Invia il tuo rapporto B2 First (FCE) per la revisione!

Dentro de 72 horas, su informe (FCE) será revisado.
See more

Tema:

The gym you work for has been losing members recently and would like to know why they are leaving. The gym manager has asked you to write a report about why these customers are leaving. In your report you should specify what the problems are and should give recommendations for improvement.

Ejemplo de respuesta:

Improving Our Gym

Introduction

The aim of this report is to explain the main reasons why members are leaving the gym. After interviewing some clients, we have identified some serious problems.

Limited opening hours
Some members have complained that the gym opens a little late for them. For this reason, workers cannot exercise before going to work. If the gym opened at 7 a.m., clients could exercise easily before going to work.

The changing rooms
Many of the lockers are broken so customers cannot leave their belongings in a safe place. Also, some of the showers are not working properly so members have to queue before having a shower. In order to solve this, I suggest replacing all lockers and showers immediately.

Lack of parking spaces
Some previous members have joined gyms which have a parking lot. Although we cannot build a parking lot, we can offer a parking area for bicycles. As a result, this might encourage members to use their bikes to come to the gym.

Conclusion
To sum up, I believe that if we take care of these problems, members will be happier and will decide to stay with us.

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Invia il tuo rapporto B2 First (FCE) per la revisione!

Dentro de 72 horas, su informe (FCE) será revisado.
See more

B2 First (FCE) Raport: Temas

A group of students from Britain would like to visit your home town as part of an exchange programme. Their leader has asked you to write a report describing what there is to see and do in the town, and to describe some of the other services and facilities that would be available to them.

Escribe tu informe..

You have just come back from a visit to a local museum organised by your school the principal has asked you to write a report about the museum and what you saw there, saying whether it is of interest for all age groups in the school.

Escribe tu informe..

You have just come back from a two-day study trip to a historic town. Your teacher has asked you to write a report about your visit, saying what you saw during the two days and whether you would recommend a similar visit for other students.

Escribe tu informe..

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FCE, CAE, CPE

Practica, escribe y progresa

Obtenga su ensayo revisado, siga su progreso en línea.
Documentos de muestra, pruebas de práctica en línea y consejos.

B2 First (FCE) Raport: Consejo

  • Comience especificando el propósito de su informe.
  • Puede utilizar estadísticas inventadas para proporcionar un resumen conciso de sus resultados.
  • Use encabezados. Harán saber que es un informe, no un ensayo o una revisión.
  • Cuando sea necesario, utilice una lista o puntos.
  • Divida su informe en secciones.
  • Desarrollar ideas relacionadas con la tarea.
  • En la última parte del informe, ponga una frase que resume su opinión.
  • Utilice impersonal, estilo formal.

B2 First (FCE) Raport: Esquema de puntuación

Idioma

Puede parecer difícil utilizar un lenguaje avanzado en el informe. Después de todo, los temas suelen ser aburridos – ¿qué puedes escribir para mostrar tu creatividad?

Por lo tanto, lo más importante es ser concreto. Cuanto más detalladas sean tus ideas, más avanzado será el lenguaje que necesitas usar. No se detenga en ‘computer‘ — piensa en ‘interactive whiteboard’, ‘webcam’ y así sucesivamente.

Organización

No siempre es fácil mostrar los vínculos entre párrafos individuales, especialmente porque cada párrafo se refiere a un punto diferente.

Debes combinar tus ideas en cada párrafo para crear una idea completa y completamente formulada.
Intente usar los conectores específicos del informe, por ejemplo, use una oración adverbial

(adverbial clause) para presentar su idea – ‘It’s highly likely that..’

Comunicación

El informe debe redactarse en un estilo formal.
Vale la pena usar la página pasiva (np.  ‘This report has been written ….’) pero no en cada oración – si usa la página pasiva con demasiada frecuencia, puede poner al lector objetivo a dormir.

Presenta ideas complejas y simples. Diciendo ‘there is computer in every classroom’, es simple – pero una declaración ‘the webcam can be used to communicate with people online’, es un ejemplo de una idea más compleja.

Contenido

Es importante considerar todos los puntos clave.

Todo lo que escribes debe relacionarse con la tarea. No te distraigas con algo que te parezca más interesante.

Añade tantos detalles como sea posible para que el destino se sienta plenamente informado

engxam logo english exams

FCE, CAE, CPE

Pruebas de práctica en línea

Obtenga su ensayo revisado, siga su progreso en línea.
Documentos de muestra, pruebas de práctica en línea y consejos.

B2 First (FCE) Raport: Frases y expresiones útiles

A continuación encontrarás vocabulario útil que puedes usar para organizar tu contenido. Aunque este es un atajo, si aprendes algunas frases típicas de cada párrafo, ciertamente podrás crear un texto muy coherente y bien organizado.

Introducción (objeto del informe)

The aim of this report is to
As requested, I am writing this report to
This report aims to outline/assess
The purpose behind this report is to

Ampliar

The first observation to make concerns…
It has to been stressed that…
According to (the majority of respondents)…
In spite of (the fact that)…
Despite (the fact that)…
The outlook for …… is (far from) bright/optimistic/depressing/daunting
The future looks bleak/remains uncertain/is promising
This seems unlikely in the near/foreseeable future

Recomendaciones

I suggest/recommend
I would like to suggest/recommend
I therefore suggest
I advise you (not) to
I believe it would be beneficial
It would be advisable to
You may wish/want to consider
If you wish to…, you should
If we wish to…, we ought to

Conclusiones

Provided that these recommendations are taken into consideration,…
In conclusion,…
From the research one can conclude that…

endeitpl

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