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Exercises

40 Key Word Transformations Ex. | B2 First (FCE)

Level: B2
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40 Key Word Transformation Exercises: FCE
B2 First (FCE) Use of English: Part 4

B2 First (FCE) Use of English: Part 4  question type here is called key word transformation.

You must complete a new sentence that has a similar meaning. You use a word in capitals given in bold for each sentence, which you must not change.

A few words of advice:

The important thing in key word transformations is that you keep the meaning the sameEXACTLY the same. So it’s important that you read through the first sentence and your second sentence to ensure you have kept the meaning the same. Look at these two sentences:

Tommy said he was ready for his driving test and would take it in July.
Tommy said he was ready for his driving test and could take it in July.

One letter has been changed, from “would” to “could” but it changes the meaning of the sentence totally. Be careful of this!

A good way to practise this part of the FCE exam is to get used to writing and re-writing sentences using different structures and without changing the meaning.

40 Key Word Transformation Exercises: FCE


Nobody took any notice of his bad behaviour.

Nobodypaid ATTENTION to (ATTENTION) his bad behaviour.

You should try and take advantage of his help.

You should try and (MOST) help he gives you.

make the most of themake the most of any
You must include the word given (MOST)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

My sister was involved in her school spelling competition.

My sister (PART) spelling competition.

took part in her schoolwas part of her school
You must include the word given (PART)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

Could they grow anything here after the war?

Were (ABLE) here after the war?

they able to grow anything
You must include the word given (ABLE)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

‘Why didn’t you call me?’ asked Joe.

Joe (ASKED) not called him.

asked me why i hadasked why i had
You must include the word given (ASKED)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

Driving that fast was a stupid thing to do.

If (ONLY) driving so fast.

only i hadn't beenonly i had not been
You must include the word given (ONLY)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

 I hadn’t seen my sister for about a year, when I saw her last.

About (GONE) before I saw my sister again, after the last time I saw her.

a year had gone by
You must include the word given (GONE)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.


Nobody took any notice of his bad behaviour.

Nobodypaid ATTENTION to (ATTENTION) his bad behaviour.

I don’t earn anything like the amount I did before.

I earn (NOWHERE) as I did before.

nowhere near as much
You must include the word given (nowhere)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

The date for the Barcelona Conference is the 23rd of March.

The Barcelona Conference (PLACE) the 23rd of March.

takes placewill take placeis taking place on
You must include the word given (place)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

The house was not very attractive in appearance when we first saw it.

The house was (MUCH) at when we first saw it.

not much to look
You must include the word given (much)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

No-one wants to buy this type of music any more.

There (LONGER) for this type of music.

is no longer any demand
You must include the word given (longer)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

Looking back, I think I was right to study mathematics at university.

Looking back, I (REGRET) mathematics at university.

do not regret studyingdon’t regret studying
You must include the word given (regret)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

Our spending will have to be reduced next year.

We will have (BACK) our spending next year.

to cut back on
You must include the word given (back)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.


Nobody took any notice of his bad behaviour.

Nobodypaid ATTENTION to (ATTENTION) his bad behaviour.

While we were going home yesterday we got caught in a thunderstorm.

We got caught in a thunderstorm while we were (WAY) yesterday.

on our way home
You must include the word given (way)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

Has Mary altered her decision about moving to the countryside?

Do you know if Mary (MIND) about moving to the countryside?

has changed her mind
You must include the word given (mind)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

I’d like Kevin to stop telling me what to do.

I (WISH) telling me what to do!

wish kevin would stopwish that kevin would stop
You must include the word given (wish)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

‘Are you pleased it’s nearly half-term?’ said the teacher to us.

The teacher wanted (KNOW) pleased it was nearly half-term.

to know if we were
You must include the word given (know)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

We are earning less than we are spending, I’m afraid.

Our (EXPENDITURE) our income, I’m afraid.

expenditure is more thanexpenditure is greater than
You must include the word given (expenditure)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

I don’t think having luxuries in life is necessary.

I don’t (NECESSITY) having luxuries in life.

see the necessity ofsee the necessity insee any necessity ofsee any necessity in
You must include the word given (necessity)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.


Nobody took any notice of his bad behaviour.

Nobodypaid ATTENTION to (ATTENTION) his bad behaviour.

I am starting to find watching television boring.

I am beginning to get (FED) television.

fed up with watching
You must include the word given (fed)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

Bad weather makes me feel really unhappy in the winter.

Bad weather (DOWN) in the winter.

really gets me down
You must include the word given (down)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

Fog delayed my flight to Moscow this morning.

My flight to Moscow (UP) this morning

was held up by fog
You must include the word given (up)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

Help was urgently needed in the flooded area of the country.

They were (NEED) in the flooded area of the country.

in urgent need of help
You must include the word given (need)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

I went to Italy with the intention of learning Italian.

I went to Italy (THAT) Italian.

so that i could learn
You must include the word given (that)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

Remember to return the videos you have rented.

Don’t (BACK) the videos you have rented.

forget to take backforget to bring back
You must include the word given (back)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.


Nobody took any notice of his bad behaviour.

Nobodypaid ATTENTION to (ATTENTION) his bad behaviour.

To tell the truth, we need a swimming pool for this school.

To tell the truth, (WHAT) a swimming pool for this school.

what we need is
You must include the word given (what)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

Do you know whose this umbrella is, by any chance?

Do you know (BELONGS), by any chance?

who this umbrella belongs to
You must include the word given (belongs)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

Was it Paul’s idea to go to the cinema?

Was it Paul (CAME) the idea of going to the cinema?

who came up withthat came up with
You must include the word given (came)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

The boats began to move slowly out of the harbour.

The boats slowly (WAY) out of the harbour.

made their way
You must include the word given (way)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

One runner did not succeed in finishing the race.

One runner (ABLE) the race.

wasn’t able to finishwas not able to finish
You must include the word given (able)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

It is not my fault that the glass broke.

You cannot (BLAME) the glass.

blame me for breaking
You must include the word given (blame)You must use beetwen 2 and 5 words.

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B2 First (FCE) Use of English: Part 4

Strategy

  1. Read the sentence carefully and think about its exact meaning.
  2. Check your tenses – if the first sentence is in the past tense, the second should be, too!
  3. Contractions (e.g. haven’t) count as two words.
  4. Try to keep the same meaning – If the first sentence says ‘Tom said…’ then don’t write ‘He said…’ in the second sentence. (Write ‘Tom said’.)
  5. Write between two and five words, including the word given.

Tips

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