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Exercises

40 Key Word Transformations Ex. | C2 Proficient (CPE)

Level: C2
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40 Key Word Transformation Exercises: CPE
C2 Proficient (CPE) Use of English: Part 4 Tips & Startegy

C2 Proficient (CPE) Use of English: Part 4  question type here is called key word transformation.

You must complete a new sentence that has a similar meaning. You use a word in capitals given in bold for each sentence, which you must not change. You must use between three and eight words, including the word given.

Essential tips:

  • Read both sentences carefully. The gapped sentence must express all the information contained in the prompt the sentence, but in different words.
  • You must use the key word to complete the gapped sentence, but you must not change its form in any way.
  • The key word may be part of an expression.
  • You may need to change the  form of words in the prompt sentence,and the order in which you express the information.
  • Be prepared to experiment. For example, you may have to change an active structure to a passive one, or a positive sentence to a negative one.
  • Your answer must be between three and eight words in length. If you write too few or too many words, you will be penalised.

40 Key Word Transformation Exercises: CPE


Oh, there you are! I didn’t even know you had gone out!

I was unaware of the  (UNAWARE) fact that you had gone out.

The rumours of them being married are not true.

Despite information (CONTRARY) got married.

to the contrary they have notto the contrary they haven't
You must include the word given (CONTRARY)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

I quite like beer, though whiskey is my favourite.

Although I (AVERSE), whiskey is my favourite.

am not averse to beer
You must include the word given (AVERSE)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

Once this contract is signed, this agreement is binding.

As soon as you (BY) agreement.

sign this contract you are bound by this
You must include the word given (BY)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

They cannot justify their position with that excuse.

That argument (POSITION) taken.

is no justification for the position they have
You must include the word given (POSITION)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

Next Friday is my thirtieth wedding anniversary.

Next Friday (WILL) years.

i will have been married for thirty
You must include the word given (WILL)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

After I had waited for over an hour, she still hadn’t come.

After over an hour (SIGN) her.

of waiting, there was still no sign ofof waiting there was still no sign of
You must include the word given (SIGN)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.


Oh, there you are! I didn’t even know you had gone out!

I was unaware of the  (UNAWARE) fact that you had gone out.

I was so tired that I wanted to give up.

I (POINT) up because I was so tired.

was on the point of givingwas at the point of giving
You must include the word given (POINT)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

Sally could well get that job.

Sally (STANDS) that job.

stands a good chance of getting
You must include the word given (STANDS)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

Our dog Jack has been run over before.

This is (TIME) Jack has been run over.

not the first time our dog
You must include the word given (TIME)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

The manager concluded that he ought to give me a refund.

The manager (CAME) deserved a refund.

came to the conclusion that i
You must include the word given (CAME)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

Her singing impressed the judges.

She (MADE) the judges.

made a good impression on
You must include the word given (MADE)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

The cost of rice has shot up in the last month.

There has been (SHARP) of rice recently.

a sharp rise in the costa sharp increase in the costa sharp rise
You must include the word given (SHARP)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.


Oh, there you are! I didn’t even know you had gone out!

I was unaware of the  (UNAWARE) fact that you had gone out.

The boss called a meeting to discuss progress.

The boss’ (PURPOSE) discuss progress.

purpose in calling the meeting was to
You must include the word given (PURPOSE)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

Susan went to Spain to learn the language.

Susan’s (REASON) to learn the language.

reason for going to spain was
You must include the word given (REASON)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

 Ned loves going dancing at weekends.

What Ned (ON) dancing at weekends.

is really keen on isis keen on is
You must include the word given (ON)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

My sister told me nothing about mum’s present.

My sister (DARK) mum’s present.

kept me in the dark about
You must include the word given (DARK)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

I don’t intend to pay that much.

I (INTENTION) much.

have no intention of paying that
You must include the word given (INTENTION)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

As far as I’m concerned, they’re telling the truth.

I’ve (SUPPOSE) lying.

no reason to suppose they'reno reason to suppose they are
You must include the word given (SUPPOSE)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.


Oh, there you are! I didn’t even know you had gone out!

I was unaware of the  (UNAWARE) fact that you had gone out.

Mr Bradley died in the early hours.

Mr Bradley (AWAY) night.

passed away during the
You must include the word given (AWAY)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

The president was amazed at the magnificent Victorian building.

The magnificent Victorian building (IMPACT) the president.

made a considerable impact onmade a big impact on
You must include the word given (IMPACT)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

The tyrant is well known for his cruelty and egoism.

The tyrant (REPUTED) person.

is reputed to be a cruel and egoistic
You must include the word given (REPUTED)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

Cathy needs to come right away or we’ll have to start without her.

We’ll have to (LEAVE) turns up immediately.

leave cathy unless she
You must include the word given (LEAVE)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

We still haven’t found out what caused the engine failure.

We have yet (CAUSE) the engine failure was.

to find out what the cause of
You must include the word given (CAUSE)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

Why should anyone be proud of the fact that they didn’t complete the project.

Why should anyone (PRIDE) that they didn’t complete the project.

pride themselves on the fact
You must include the word given (PRIDE)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.


Oh, there you are! I didn’t even know you had gone out!

I was unaware of the  (UNAWARE) fact that you had gone out.

Harry plays tennis much better than I do.

I am not (NEARLY) tennis player as Harry is.

nearly as good a
You must include the word given (nearly)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

Karen had just started her new teaching job when she got flu.

Karen (CAME) just after starting her new teaching job.

came down with flu
You must include the word given (came)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

It would have been a total catastrophe for her to be made responsible.

If she (PUT), there would have been very serious consequences.

had been put in charge
You must include the word given (put)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

Kim doesn’t intend to visit her uncle again.

Kim (HAS) her uncle again.

has no intention of visiting
You must include the word given (has)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

The third candidate impressed the panel immediately.

The third candidate (MADE) the panelists.

made an immediate impression on
You must include the word given (made)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

This part of the factory can only be entered by authorized staff.

Access (RESTRICTED) in this part of the factory.

is restricted to authorized staff
You must include the word given (restricted)You must use beetwen 3 and 8 words.

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C2 Proficient (CPE) Use of English: Part 4 Tips & Startegy

Strategy

  1. Read the sentence carefully and think about its exact meaning.
  2. Check your tenses – if the first sentence is in the past tense, the second should be, too!
  3. Contractions (e.g. haven’t) count as two words.
  4. Try to keep the same meaning – If the first sentence says ‘Tom said…’ then don’t write ‘He said…’ in the second sentence. (Write ‘Tom said’.)
  5. Write between two and five words, including the word given.

Tips

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