# Numeral – cardinal, ordinal & creation of dates

## CARDINAL NUMERALS – “GREAT” NUMBERS

We should read the numbers greater than 100 as follows:

numeral | how should we read |
---|---|

131 | one hundred and thirty-one |

408 | four hundred and eight |

2009 | two thousand and nine |

6750 | six thousand and fifty |

11,433 | eleven thousand four hundred and thirty-three |

67,000 | sixty-seven thousand |

500,000 | five hundred thousand |

1,000,000 | one million |

Before the last part of a number use of “and“ is necessary:

**272** – two hundred and seventy – two

“Thousands“ need to be separated by a comma in spelling:

**2,350** – two thousand and fifty

If 100, 1000 or 1000000 appears separately, then one should say “a hundred, a thousand, a million.”

“A” is usually replaced with “one” in compounds:

**1,450** – one thousand four hundred and fifty

Words such as “hundred, thousand, million” appearing in ordinal numerals do not have plural:

two thousand

three hundred

## ORDINAL NUMERALS

Ordinal numerals answering questions: **Which? Which in turn?**

These are created by adding an ending -th to a cardinal numeral:

four – four**th
**ten – ten

**th**

Numbers from 1 to 3 are an exception:

one – **first
**two –

**second**

three –

**third**

In higher numbers, only the last part has the ordinal form:twenty one – twenty **first
**two hundred and seventy two – two hundred seventy –

**second**

In some numbers before adding an ending -th little changes in spelling shall be done:

y ieth

twenty – twent**ieth**

thirty – thirt**ieth**

ve fth

five – fi**fth
**twelve – twel

**fth**

In most cases, you must use the definite article “the” before the ordinal numerals:

I live on** the second** floor.

Numerical record of ordinal numerals usually requires the use of literal abbreviation (the last two word’s letters):

5th

20th

1st

32nd

100th

## CREATION OF DATES

### THE DATES

The dates in English can be read two ways:

18th May

**the eighteenth** of May

May** the eighteenth**

1st January

**the first** of January

January **the first**

### THE YEAR

“The year” is read by dividing it into two numbers that are prime (not ordinal) numbers:

1772

seventeen seventy – two

1900

nineteen hundred