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Learning Zone
Learning Zone
Grammar

Numeral – cardinal, ordinal & creation of dates

Level: B1

CARDINAL NUMERALS – “GREAT” NUMBERS

We should read the numbers greater than 100 as follows:

numeral how should we read
131 one hundred and thirty-one
408  four hundred and eight
2009 two thousand and nine
6750 six thousand and fifty
11,433 eleven thousand four hundred and thirty-three
67,000 sixty-seven thousand
500,000 five hundred thousand
1,000,000 one million

Before the last part of a number use ofand is necessary:

272 – two hundred and seventy – two

“Thousands need to be separated by a comma in spelling:

2,350 – two thousand and fifty

If 100, 1000 or 1000000 appears separately, then one should say a hundred, a thousand, a million.”

“A” is usually replaced with “one” in compounds:

1,450 – one thousand four hundred and fifty

Words such as “hundred, thousand, million” appearing in ordinal numerals do not have plural:

two thousand
three hundred


ORDINAL NUMERALS

Ordinal numerals answering questions: Which? Which in turn?

These are created by adding an ending -th to a cardinal numeral:

four – fourth
ten – tenth

Numbers from 1 to 3 are an exception:

one – first
two – second
three – third

In higher numbers, only the last part has the ordinal form:twenty one – twenty first
two hundred and seventy two – two hundred seventy – second

In some numbers before adding an ending -th little changes in spelling shall be done:

y ieth

twenty – twentieth
thirty – thirtieth

ve fth

five – fifth
twelve – twelfth

In most cases, you must use the definite article “the” before the ordinal numerals:

I live on the second floor.

Numerical record of ordinal numerals usually requires the use of literal abbreviation (the last two word’s letters):

5th
20th
1st
32nd
100th


CREATION OF DATES

THE DATES

The dates in English can be read two ways:

18th May

the eighteenth of May
May the eighteenth

1st January

the first of January
January the first

THE YEAR

“The year” is read by dividing it into two numbers that are prime (not ordinal) numbers:

1772

seventeen seventy – two

1900

nineteen hundred

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