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Learning Zone
Learning Zone
Grammar

Nouns in function of adjectives & compound nouns

Level: B1

NOUNS IN FUNCTION OF ADJECTIVES 

 Noun often functions as adjective determining another noun:

kitchen table
winter clothes

A noun used as adjective mostly determined:

material paper towel
steel door
cotton dress
time winter holiday
Sunday paper
place garden furniture
country lane
purpose tin opener
skating rink
content grammar book
adventure film
affiliation church roof
book cover
driving force, fuel etc. gas stove
petrol engine
function, profession, abilities etc. card player
factory worker

In colloquial speech, many pairs of nouns, we write together:

  • hairdryer
  • dishwasher
  • sunglasses

COMPOUND NOUNS

There are common and compound nouns in English.

Common nouns do not arise from putting other words together:

  • book
  • girl
  • grammar
  • painting

Compound nouns are a combination of two or more words:

noun+ noun rainfall
farmhouse
noun+ -ing mushroom picking
water-skiing
ing+ noun living room
swimming pool
preposition/ adverb + noun the Underground
background
preposition+ verb underwear
intake
adjective+ noun blackboard
hotline

Together, separately or with a conjunction?

There are no consistent rules in spelling compound noun. It is possible to find two ways of spelling the same word depending on the source:

farmhouse/ farm house
living room/ living-room

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