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Grammar

Numerals in math & use of numeral “zero”

Level: B2

NUMERALS IN MATH

Expressions and mathematical operation are read as follows:

VULGAR FRACTIONS

1/2
1/4
5/8
13/4
a half
a quarter
five eights
one and three quarters

DECIMAL FRACTIONS

In decimal fractions in English, we put a dot.
Each fraction’s digit is read separately and zero is pronounced as nought:

0.5
2.98
nought point five
two point nine eight

ADDITION

2+2=4
4+1=?
two and two is four (or two plus two is four)
What’s four and one? (or What’s four plus one)

Beside greater numbers and formal speech:

345+36=381
three hundred and forty-five plus thirty-six equals three hundred and eighty-one

SUBTRACTION

5-2=3 two from five is three (or five minus two is three)

Beside greater numbers and formal speech:

520-111=409
five hundred and twenty minus one hundred and eleven equals four hundred and nine

MULTIPLICATION

3×2=6
5×4=20
three twos are six
five fours are twenty

Beside greater numbers and formal speech:

13×100=1300
thirteen times one hundred is/makes one thousand three hundred

DIVISION 

12:4=3 twelve divided by four is three

ZERO

Digit “0” is pronounced in a few different ways depending on the context:

“0” use example
zero when quoting temperatures It’s zero degrees Celcius.
nought in math nought point eight (0.8)
[əu] phone numbers, years and any numbers where numbers are given individually (e.g. bank account codes) 230-5406/ two three o– five four o six 
nil in ensemble games’ scores (e.g. in football) United lost two-nil.
love in tennis and table tennis It’s fifteen-love for Anna Kurnikova.

 

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