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Grammar

How we use possesive & reflexive pronouns?

Level: B1

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

Possessive pronouns show ownership of a person, place, or thing. A noun must be used before a possessive pronoun. Possessive pronouns replace nouns.

POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE

singular plural
my
yours
his
her
its
our
your
their

POSSESSIVE PRONOUN

singular plural
mine
yours
his
hers
its
our
your
their

“My” is a possessive adjective, always stands before a noun. 

Use of a possessive adjective without a noun is impossible. In this situation, the use of a possessive pronoun is needed instead.

This is my piggy bank!
This piggy bank is mine.

This is my ticket and that is yours.
What do you think about his idea? I prefer hers.
Let’s go in your car. Ours has broken down.


REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS

In English, a reflexive pronoun has a different form for every person:

emphatic & reflexive pronoun – singular emphatic & reflexive pronoun – plural
myself
yourself
himself
herself
itself
ourselves
yourselves
themselves

These are verbs used with a possessive pronoun:

behave oneself
cut oneself
kill oneself
help oneself
hurt oneself
look after oneself

“Oneself” is an impersonal form that in the sentence takes a specific personal form:

He killed himself after his wife died.
I cut myself when I was shaving.
Are you enjoying yourselves?

Possessive pronouns may also appear after prepositions:

Sometimes she talks to herself.
I’ll pay for myself.

The same pronoun appears in definite meaning to stress that a particular person has done something by oneself:

I didn’t do it myself. My brother helped me.
The owner himself showed us to our rooms.

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