The task requires candidates to select from eight options the correct extract to fit in each of the seven gaps in the text. There is only one correct answer for each gap. There is no example answer. The task consists of a gapped text followed by the extracts from the text and one further extract which does not fit in any of the gaps. The text has a title and may also have a sub-heading.
Candidates need to read the gapped text first in order to gain an overall idea of the structure and meaning of the text, noticing carefully the information and ideas before and after each gap as well as their development throughout the whole of the gapped text. They should then decide which extract fits each gap, and write the appropriate letter in each gap. They should remember that each letter may only be used once and that there is one extract that they will not need to use.
C2 Proficient (CPE) Reading – Part 6 : Example Test
For each gap choose the correct sentence.
There is one extra sentence that you do not need to use.
The unpredictable nature of growing crops has always pushed farmers to try the latest technology. Once, that involved switching from horse-drawn plows to gasoline-powered engines in tractors and combines.Select
The setup provided accuracy within about a foot on the field. However, driving the combine past a metal barn would badly skew the location results, sometimes by miles. Today, the GPS he uses is accurate to the inch.Select
Likewise, the spreaders apply more fertilizer in areas that are measurably more productive, in hopes of boosting yields further. Because the data is stored in the cloud, he can access analyses from an iPad in the fields.Select
Sullivan is a very early adopter. Only a small number of farmers engage in similar precision agriculture. The USDA reports that in 2006, the most recent survey year, adoption of yield monitoring equipment was around 45 percent, but use of GPS and technology that applies fertilizer at variable rates was closer to 15 percent.Select
Even farmers who use that combination of technology rely on a thumb drive to transfer data from the combines to computers in their homes, where they use local software to develop prescriptions for their planter and fertilizer machines.Select
No one has a good count of how many farmers seed their fields from these cloud services, but many farmers are talking about it. The vendors say it can take some of the headache out of managing the technology required for the most sophisticated forms of precision agriculture.Select
Some farmers are worried about the implication of buying data services from a multinational that sells an array of farm inputs, which is the term farmers use to describe goods they have to buy, such as seed, fertilizer, and pest-control products.Select
That would allow the company to raise prices on inputs based on the data they’re seeing from farms. The farmers see things differently. They are prepared to share the data and see if the concept is feasible, but the first time they see a purposeful price increase around harvest time, they intend to bail.
C2 Proficient (CPE) Reading – Part 6 : Tips & Strategy
Tip 1: Be careful…
Sometimes there won’t be a clue in the sentence immediately before or after the gap.
You really do need to read the whole text to get its meaning – sometimes the ‘clue’ is the entire paragraph.
Tip 2: Underline reference words…
Underline the names of people, organisations or places. Also, underline reference words such as ‘this’, ‘it’, ‘there’, etc. They will help you see connections between sentences and paragraphs.
- Read the main text through first to get an idea of what it is about and how the writer develops his or her subject matter.
- Use clues in the paragraphs before and after the gaps to help you choose the ones that fit.
- Clues may lie in the grammar, punctuation and/or vocabulary.
- Try to guess the sort of information that might be missing.
- Check any phrases/short sentences which you have not used to see if they could fit in the gap.
- When you have finished the task, read through the completed text to make sure it makes sense