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Grammar

How to use prepositions of place, time & movment?

Level: A1, A2
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PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE
PREPOSITION OF MOVEMENT
PREPOSITIONS OF TIME

PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE

A preposition of place is used to refer to a place where something or someone is located. 

There are three main prepositions: in, on, at. They can be both prepositions of place and time.

IN – USAGE

We can use “in” when describing something inside. We can also use this preposition when we talking about locations in a larger area and workplaces when we see them as a physical location.

There is some paper in the litter box.

AT – USAGE

We can use “at” to referring a position or location which we see as a point and when we talking about locations at workplaces ( we see them as a place of activity.)

“At” can be used when we describe activities involving a group of people and with phrases which relate to school, college and university.

The shop is at the end of the street.

ON – USAGE

We can use “on” to referring a position on any surface and describing a position along a road or river or by the sea or by a lake.

“On” can be used when we talking about a floor. We can also use this preposition in reference to public transport.

There is a bee on the table.

preposition of the place meaning
behind at the back of
between something or somebody is on each side
in front of the part that is in the direction
below/ under lower than something or somebody
near close to
next to besides
above/ over higher than something

Here is a wall behind her back.
Our house is between the pharmacy and the school.
This city is 86 metres below sea level.
Our house is near the supermarket.
Our house is next to the supermarket.
The photo hangs above my door.


PREPOSITION OF MOVEMENT

Prepositions of movement show movement from one place to another place. We usually use them with verbs of motion. 

FROM the place where it starts
INTO entering something
OUT OF leaving something
ONTO moving to a place
UP from low to high
DOWN from high to low
ALONG in a line; from one point to another
THROUGH going from one point to the other point 
ACROSS from one side to the other side
TOWARDS in the direction of something
OVER above something or somebody
UNDER below something
AROUND in a circular way
PAST going near something or somebody

Do you come from Tokyo?
He jumped out of the window.
The cat jumped onto the roof.
He went up the hill.
He came down the mountain.
He’s walking along the street.
You shouldn’t walk through the cemetery.
You must go across this road.
We ran towards the sea.
You shouldn’t go into the room.
We flew over the mountains.
We walked under the bridge.
The earth goes around the sun.
The police drove past our buildings.


PREPOSITIONS OF TIME

preposition of time allows you to discuss a specific period such as a date on the calendar, one of the days of the week, or the actual time something takes place. 

 The main preposition of time is: at, in, on. 

They are used differently than prepositions of place (they have a different meaning).

PREPOSITION “IN”  era/ century/ year/ month in ancient times
in the 19th century
in 2020
in July
season in winter
in summer
part of a day in the morning
in the afternoon
in the evening
PREPOSITION “ON”  day/ date on Monday
on 12th May
concrete day on Christmas Day
on Thanksgiving Day
part of a day during the concrete day on Sunday morning
on Friday night
on Monday afternoon
PREPOSITION “AT” hour at seven o’clock
at 6:39
at midnight
few days at the weekend
at Christmas
mealtimes at lunchtime
at breakfast
in expressions at the moment
at the same time
at the end
at the age of

NEXT FRIDAY

Before expressions concerning next, last, this, that, every, yesterday tomorrow no prepositions shall be used.

See you next weekend.
I went to Paris last summer. 
What are you doing this weekend?
She plays volleyball every Saturday. 
There was a storm yesterday night.
What are you doing tomorrow evening?

FOR OR SINCE

The preposition “for” is used when refers to a time slot:

I’ve known Alice for four years.
She’s been here for two days.
We watched TV for 3 hours yesterday.

The preposition “since” means “from a particular time in the past until a later time or until now”:

I’ve known Alice since I was 15.
She’s been here since Friday.

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