PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE
A preposition of place is used to refer to a place where something or someone is located.
There are three main prepositions: in, on, at. They can be both prepositions of place and time.
We can use “in” when describing something inside. We can also use this preposition when we talking about locations in a larger area and workplaces when we see them as a physical location.
There is some paper in the litter box.
We can use “at” to referring a position or location which we see as a point and when we talking about locations at workplaces ( we see them as a place of activity.)
“At” can be used when we describe activities involving a group of people and with phrases which relate to school, college and university.
The shop is at the end of the street.
We can use “on” to referring a position on any surface and describing a position along a road or river or by the sea or by a lake.
“On” can be used when we talking about a floor. We can also use this preposition in reference to public transport.
There is a bee on the table.
The other frequently used prepositions of the place:
|behind||at the back of|
Here is a wall behind her back.
|between||something or somebody is on each side|
Our house is between the pharmacy and the school.
|in front of||the part that is in the direction|
This city is 86 metres below sea level.
|below/ under||lower than something or somebody|
There are some documents on the floor in front of the woman.
Our house is near the supermarket.
Our house is next to the supermarket.
|above/ over||higher than something|
The photo hangs above my door.
PREPOSITION OF MOVEMENT
Prepositions of movement show movement from one place to another place. We usually use them with verbs of motion.
|FROM||the place where it starts|
Do you come from Tokyo?
You shouldn’t go into the room
|OUT OF||leaving something|
He jumped out of the window.
|ONTO||moving to a place|
The cat jumped onto the roof.
|UP||from low to high|
He went up the hill.
|DOWN||from high to low|
He came down the mountain.
|ALONG||in a line; from one point to another|
He’s walking along the street.
|THROUGH||going from one point to the other point|
You shouldn’t walk through the cemetery.
|ACROSS||from one side to the other side|
You must go across this road.
|TOWARDS||in the direction of something|
We ran towards the sea.
|OVER||above something or somebody|
We flew over the mountains.
We walked under the bridge.
|AROUND||in a circular way|
The earth goes around the sun.
|PAST||going near something or somebody|
The police drove past our buildings.
PREPOSITIONS OF TIME
A preposition of time allows you to discuss a specific period such as a date on the calendar, one of the days of the week, or the actual time something takes place.
The main preposition of time is: at, in, on.
They are used differently than prepositions of place (they have a different meaning).
|PREPOSITION “IN”||era/ century/ year/ month||in ancient times
in the 19th century
|part of a day||in the morning
in the afternoon
in the evening
|PREPOSITION “ON”||day/ date||on Monday
on 12th May
|concrete day||on Christmas Day
on Thanksgiving Day
|part of a day during the concrete day||on Sunday morning
on Friday night
on Monday afternoon
|PREPOSITION “AT”||hour||at seven o’clock
|few days||at the weekend
|in expressions||at the moment
at the same time
at the end
at the age of
Before expressions concerning next, last, this, that, every, yesterday tomorrow no prepositions shall be used.
See you next weekend.
I went to Paris last summer. What are you doing this weekend?
She plays volleyball every Saturday. There was a storm yesterday night.
What are you doing tomorrow evening?
The preposition “for” is used when refers to a time slot:
I’ve known Alice for four years.
She’s been here for two days.
We watched TV for 3 hours yesterday.
The preposition “since” means “from a particular time in the past until a later time or until now”:
I’ve known Alice since I was 15.
She’s been here since Friday.